Know Your Body Type

If you have ever spent time at a gym you may have noticed people, who have worked out for years, that rarely change shape. Their muscles don’t build and they don’t lose weight. Whereas some who do little gym-work see rapid results.

There are some who achieve a svelte toned body  with little effort whereas for some, achieving that same look may be a near impossible task, despite how little they eat or how much they work out.

Why is this…? It all comes down to body types.

Body shapes and sizes are determined by genetics and three main body types.

Three Body Types

1. Ectomorph… Skinny
2. Mesomorph… Athletic
3. Endomorph… Fat Retainers

You may have heard of the terms: ectomorph, mesomorph and endomorph but not really understood what they meant. In their ‘labels’ these body types offer an explanation to why some people have firm athletic bodies, whilst doing little in the way of exercise and others, who spend hours at the gym, struggle to get any type of muscle definition or lose weight.

Here is a quick breakdown of the three different types. See if you can recognise your own:

Ectomorphs are the types who generally have no curves; small joints, little muscle mass and go straight up and down. It is this body type preferred by fashion designers and most often seen on the runway and gracing the covers of magazines. Think Kate Moss for women and Rhys Ifans for men.



Ectomorphs have a fast metabolism, don’t gain weight easily, nor do they develop muscle easily and because of this, although they may stay slim, can get flabby with age.

Generally speaking, for the ectomorphs of the world it makes little difference to their weight if they scoffed ten giant bags of crisps a day (or fifteen slices of toast) and did no exercise. They seem to eat ten times as much as anyone else whilst staying skinny.

Most ectomorphs may not put weight on when young, but they will develop a pot belly at some point after the age of thirty-five, especially if they eat wheat.

Mesomorph is the body type known to be genetically gifted, characterised by an athletic and naturally lean body. They gain and lose weight easily, and build/develop muscle quickly. They are known to have the best physique for body-builders and are often seen as athletes.



Think Naomi Campbell for women, Arnold Schwarzenegger for men.

Mesomorphs are the ones who, when they decide to go on a fitness/health kick, see rapid results. Within weeks of hitting the gym, they have shed lots of weight, developed a ripped, six-pack, pert bum and defined muscles.

As mesomorphs put on weight relatively easily (but also lose it with ease), wheat consumption may be seen as all over body-fat. But it is this type who see fastest results from wheat’s elimination.


Endomorphs are the types who have the hardest time losing or keeping off weight, and tend to be sensitive to high GI carbohydrates (potatoes, sugar and wheat).



Endomorphs inclusion of wheat, in the diet, quickly shows up as all over body-fat, which increases with the passing years. If body conscious, they will have spent most of their adult life dieting. For women, think Oprah Winfrey or Kate Winslet and for men think Danny Devito or Jack Black.

Women endomorphs tend to have the classic pear shape. And, although this type gains and retains fat easily, they also develop muscle relatively quick. Sadly, this muscle definition is not always noticed because of surplus body fat.

Because of their high body-fat-ratio, after spending hours each week working out, endomorphs see little change to their body (especially when wheat is in included in their diet). To reduce weight and keep it off endomorphs have to change their diet and work out.

Endomorphs are naturally curvy. So starving themselves, in the attempt to get the willowy ectomorph (Kate Moss) body shape, will prove to do more harm than good. Wheat elimination is most beneficial to this type. Whilst wheat is kept in their diet, endomorphs will never see permanent weight-loss.


Although one type is dominant, most will sit somewhere between two different types. These body types show us how genetically different we are and how we should not punish our bodies for their inherent traits. That said, just because genes dictate our shape it does not mean we cannot maximise that which we have been given…