The Glycemic Index (GI) is a measure of how quickly your body metabolizes different carbohydrates. The higher the GI of a food the more rapidly it is broken down and the faster it will spike your blood sugar and insulin levels.
It is common knowledge that white sugar raises our blood sugars rapidly, but did you know that two slices of bread (white or wholemeal) raises it higher and faster than refined table sugar?
Wheat is 70% complex carbohydrate. Complex carbohydrates are supposed
to slowly break down into simple sugars when digested, which in turn leads to a slow release of sustainable energy. However, this is not the case with bread and most other foods made from wheat. Through glycemic testing, it was found that bread is rapidly broken down into sugars after consumption (in fact, this break down starts whilst the bread is still in your mouth), leading to a huge sugar rush into the blood stream.
High blood sugar is incredibly toxic to the cells of the body. If sugar levels rise too high and stay there, you will die. Therefore, to protect itself, the body has to find somewhere to put the sugar. The pancreas (producer of the hormone insulin), noting that the blood sugar is high elevates the insulin levels. Insulin is one of the primary hormones that stores fat and is known as the FAT-PRODUCING hormone.
There are insulin receptors on the liver, muscles and fat cells. The first place the sugar is deposited is in the liver and muscles (as glycogen) for short-term energy use. When these stores are full the insulin receptors take the excess sugar out of the bloodstream and, with nowhere else to safely put it, transport the sugar to the fat cells which in turn leads to fat and thus weight-gain!
If you do a lot of exercise or are naturally busy and are energetic throughout the day, you may burn off much of the excess sugar stored from eating wheat and other refined carbs. However, the older you get, the harder this becomes and because the pancreas is constantly overworked the excess sugar gets turned into body fat, which becomes more evident as people hit their thirties.
Look around at how many people over the age of thirty-five (and getting younger) have developed a bulge surrounding their midriff which gets larger with each passing year. Even the slimmest people can have a pot belly. For most, they are unaware that the protruding stomach, that will not shift even after diets and endless sit-ups, has been born from having repetitive blood sugar spikes following a lifelong consumption of wheat. Not only is this a precursor to a battle with the bulge but to diabetes.
Coinciding with when the majority of us began eating genetically altered wheat, diabetes has been on the increase around the world since the mid-eighties.
Diabetes is a disease where our pancreas stops working properly and stops producing insulin effectively. By consuming lots of wheat the pancreas malfunctions to such a degree that the blood stream has permanently elevated levels of insulin. When you have elevated levels of insulin in your bloodstream it promotes fat storage and prevents already stored fat from being broken down and used.
Obesity, diabetes and a malfunctioning pancreas is mostly blamed on the amount of refined sugar in our diet, which is also a problem, but as previously noted, bread is worse than refined sugar for increasing our insulin levels and just look at how much bread and other wheat based foods are consumed. The double whammy to that is, where there is wheat there is often refined sugar. Get rid of the wheat and this will help get rid of the majority of white sugar from the diet, which will very quickly be followed by weight-loss and vastly improved health and fitness levels.
© Diane Brown